Deploying applications

FastCGI uses flup library for supporting fastcgi. Make sure it is installed.

You just need to make sure you applicaiton file is executable. Make it so by adding the following line to tell the system to execute it using python:

#! /usr/bin/env python

and setting the exeutable flag on the file:

chmod +x /path/to/

Configuring lighttpd

Here is a sample lighttpd configuration file to expose a app using fastcgi.

# Enable mod_fastcgi and mod_rewrite modules
server.modules   += ( "mod_fastcgi" )
server.modules   += ( "mod_rewrite" )

# configure the application
fastcgi.server = ( "/" =>
        # path to the socket file
        "socket" => "/tmp/yourapp-fastcgi.socket",

        # path to the application
        "bin-path" => "/path/to/",

        # number of fastcgi processes to start
        "max-procs" => 1,

        "bin-environment" => (
            "REAL_SCRIPT_NAME" => ""
        "check-local" => "disable"

 url.rewrite-once = (
    # favicon is usually placed in static/
    "^/favicon.ico$" => "/static/favicon.ico",

    # Let lighttpd serve resources from /static/.
    # The dev server automatically servers /static/, but this is
    # required when deploying in production.
    "^/static/(.*)$" => "/static/$1",

    # everything else should go to the application, which is already configured above.
    "^/(.*)$" => "/$1",

With this configuration lighttpd takes care of starting the application. The webserver talks to your application using fastcgi via a unix domain socket. This means both the webserver and the application will run on the same machine.

nginx + Gunicorn

Gunicorn ‘Green Unicorn’ is a Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX. It’s a pre-fork worker model ported from Ruby’s Unicorn project.

To make a application work with gunicorn, you’ll need to get the wsgi app from application object.

import web
app = web.application(urls, globals())

# get the wsgi app from application object
wsgiapp = app.wsgifunc()

Once that change is made, gunicorn server be started using:

gunicorn -w 4 -b yourapp:wsgiapp

This starts gunicorn with 4 workers and listens at port 4000 on localhost.

It is best to use Gunicorn behind HTTP proxy server. The gunicorn team strongly advises to use nginx. Here is a sample nginx configuration which proxies to application running on

server {
  listen 80;
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/example.log;

  location / {

      proxy_set_header Host $host;
      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;